Local Socialist Meetings August 2, 1903


Local Socialist Meetings

Washington Standard  August 2, 1903

The series of propaganda meeting held by the local Socialists at their headquarters, last week, addressed by their National Organizer M. W. Wilkins, seems to have awakened sufficient interest among the faithful to arrange several meetings for this California agitator, throughout the county.  He has also spoken at Schneider’s Prairie, Tumwater, Little Rock, and tonight billed for Gate and tomorrow at Grand Mound.  Then filling a three day engagement at both Centralia and Chehalis, he returns to Bucoda for Saturday and Sunday week, to Tenino on the 17th, Yelm the 18th, ending with a final rally at South Union on the 19th, after which Mr. Wilkins will make a tour of Gray’s Harbor points.



Pulled Knife on Uncle is Charged (Olympia Daily Recorder February 4, 1910)

Pulled Knife on Uncle is Charged

(Olympia Daily Recorder   February 4, 1910)

Sam Deaton was brought into the county jail this afternoon from Rainier, charged with first degree assault of $500 bonds.  He was arraigned before Justice of the Peace C. G. Morris and pleaded not guilty, and was ordered committed to the county jail.

Deaton and his uncle, a man named Arnold, were with some others in Tenino, and all of them were said to have been drunk.  When they returned to Rainier an argument as started, and the younger man in claimed to have pulled out his pocket knife and started after his uncle, although no injury was inflicted.  He was arrested, charged with assault in the first degree and Deputy Sheriff J. W. Hall of Yelm brought him in.

It is thought the charge will be changed to one of less importance as the man was not injured in the least.



INDIAN TRIBES, Olympia Wash., August 20, 1878.

Sir:  In accordance with the requirements for the Indian Bureau, I have the honor to submit the following as my third annual report, being for the year 1878, ass the United Stated Indian agent for the 1,731 Indians belonging to this agency.


The Indians of this agency belong to five reservations and eight scattered bands not belonging to reservations.  In obedience to your Circular No. 6, of January 23, 1878, as explained by you letter of March 14, 1878, I forwarded to you, under date of 7 of June last, a carefully ascertained census of the Indians belonging to said five reservations and to seven of said bands.  The census of 1 of said 8 bands, viz, the Lewis River band, was not ascertained for reasons stated; nor have I yet been able to ascertain with the desired certainty the names of each head of family and
numbers in all families, as this band is widely scattered upon the different fork and confluence of Lewis River.  But, as near as I can ascertain, this band numbers 104.  This will make the whole number belonging to said 8 bands
598.  The whole number belonging to said 5 reservations is 1,133, bringing the whole number belonging to this agency up to 1,731.



By direction of you circular of instructions of July 10, 1877 (which is the same this year), my annual report for last year contained  “such general information as in itself afforded to any on who inquired for the first time respecting my Indians a fair and truthful picture of their condition.”  that condition has been so little changed during the year that has passed that any person desirous of knowing the present condition of the Indians belonging to this agency is, for all practical purposes, referred to my annual report for 1877, which I thing it unnecessary to repeat.


The Indians belonging to this agency are very peaceable and well disposed towards the whites.  Notwithstanding some of them are badly treated at time by evil-disposed white men, they never undertake to redress such wrongs, but either tamely submit or complain to me.  I invariably examine and redress their wrongs and see that justice is done them as far as possible.


Since the termination of annuities in this agency in 1875, the greater part of the Indians belonging to it depend almost wholly upon obtaining means for the purchase of their clothing, bedding, mechanical and farming implements, and most of their subsistence, by labor for the whites in
slashing and clearing up land (at least two-thirds of the timber lands west of the Cascades that have been cleared have been cleared by Indian labor), harvesting, hop-picking, logging, working at saw-mills, gathering oysters,
fish, & c.  Very few of them depend wholly upon the product of their farms for procuring all the necessaries of life; but this few is gradually increasing on the Puyallup Reservation.


The statistics herewith enclosed are of the Puyallup Indians and reservation only, as I had no blank for the other four reservations.  But the Puyallup statistics are the only ones worth forwarding, as they alone show encouraging progress and improvement over last year.  The Nisqually and
Shoalwater Bay Indians are just about where they were last year as to progress.  There has been decided retrogression with Chehalis and Squaxin
*       *       *       *       *       *

The habits, barbaric ideas, and vices of the adult savage are to a great extent fixed and unchangeable, and, like the gnarls, crooks, and imperfections in a grown-up tree, cannot be much changed by culture.  But as the fruitage of a grown-up tree may be greatly increased and improved by
pruning, fertilizing, & c., so the adult savage may, by the all transforming power of Christianity, be made a new creature by its benign influence, and be thereby purified and shielded from the deadly vices of the white man and
the superstitions of his own race, his conscience awakened, and his perceptions opened to his responsibilities to God and his fellow-beings.


The salutary influence of Christianity and constant presence of efficient Christian teachers is signally illustrated at the Puyallup Reservation of this agency.  At the beginning of 1876, the Rev. M.G. Mann came to the Puyallup Reservation as a missionary from the Presbyterian Board of Domestic missions, and has been constantly there, either in that capacity or as teacher of the industrial boarding-school, up to the present time, and has preached to the Indians and had a Sunday school regularly every Sunday, visited their sick, and buried their dead with Christian funeral service.
He has been efficiently assisted in his Christian labors among these Indians by Mr. John Fleet, a consistent Christian, who has been a government employee on that reservation and resided there with his estimable wife and
family over ten years.  The result of these labors has been the establishment of an Indian church of over one hundred and sixty consistent members, a full Sabbath-school, Christian marriage of nearly all adults, and the strict observance of the marital ties; discontinuance of gambling,
drunkenness, buying and selling women for wives, incontinence, superstitious rites and incantations, called temanamus, over the sick; settlement of personal disputes and difficulties among themselves by arbitration or by the
counsel, & c.; decrease of Idleness, increase of industry; more at home, less gadding about, & c..  Please see annual report of teacher, herewith enclosed.


Children can only be improved in correct knowledge and habits by the constant presence, instructions, and example of good parents or teachers, and when deprived of such parents and teachers, progress in everything good
ceases, and the good they may have learned is soon forgotten and supplanted by evil.  Uncivilized  Indians are eminently children, and after civilization and Christianity have been made to take root among them, these highest virtues can only be kept alive and in vigorous growth by the constant presence and culture of active, zealous, Christian teachers.  This truth is strikingly illustrated by the
past and present status of the Indians of the different reservations belonging to this agency.  As has been shown, upon the Puyallup Reservation, where the Indians have for years had the constant presence and active efforts of zealous, Christian teachers, civilization and Christianity have taken root and have vigorous life and growth.

Upon the Chehalis Reservation, in 1872, after I took charge of the superintendence of Indian affairs of this Territory, I had good boarding-school buildings constructed and a good school under efficient teachers started, which with other employees was kept in operation there till June, 1875, when for want of funds the school and all employees there were discontinued.  During that time, civilization and Christianity commenced taking root among the Indians of that reservation.  They commenced cultivating larger patches of ground and to discard their vices and heathenish rites.  A Methodist church of over 40 Indian members was organized, and a Sunday-school, and for a time there was considerable
manifestation of Christian life and zeal among them.  But active decadence in civilization and Christianity commenced with the discontinuance of the school and employees.  Agricultural products of the reservation rapidly diminished, gambling, superstitions, and other vices revived; the Christian seed sown proved to have fallen by the wayside and on stony ground, and all traces of the church organization soon disappeared, “and their last state is
worse that the first.”

As there never have been any employees on either the Nisqually, Squaxin, or Shoalwater Bay Reservations since I took charge, there has been no change among the Indians belonging to these reservations from their native barbarism, except that they all wear clothing like the whites; some
of them cultivate patches of land and have a few cattle, and many indulge in the white man’s vice of gambling, drinking, use of tobacco, and incontinence in other matters.  Either inertia or decay in morals and numbers is with the Indians belonging to all of said four reservations; and such is the case with the Indians of every reservation on this coast where there are no missionaries or government employees. All experience demonstrates the fact that it is just as impossible for Indians to civilize themselves without
teachers as it is for white children to culture themselves in Christianity and knowledge without parents or teachers.

*       *       *       *       *       *


The only Indian school within the limits of this agency is the
industrial boarding-school at the Puyallup Reservation.  By the direction of the department last year this school was limited to 25 boarding pupils.  This was unfortunate, as 50 boarding pupils could be accommodated in the school buildings there.  This last-mentioned number is only about half the Indian children of school age belonging to the Puyallup Reservation, all of whom ought to be passing through the civilizing mill, the industrial boarding-school.  Within the limits of this agency there are fully 200
Indian children of school age, seven-eighths of whom are growing up in the ignorance and barbarism of their parents.Who is responsible for this?  Surely not these children, or their poor, ignorant parents.


1ST  That ample provision be made for the compulsory education of all Indian children within the limits of this agency, at one or more industrial boarding-schools.  This provision might be made at the Puyallup Reservation
by additions to the boarding-school buildings there, so as to accommodate, say, 150 pupils; and by fitting up the boarding-school buildings at the Chehalis Reservation to accommodate 50 pupils.  The buildings at the last-named reservation are sufficient in capacity to accommodate 50 pupils if properly fitted up.
2nd If no school is to be allowed at either the Chehalis, Nisqually, Squaxin, or Shoalwater Bay Reservation, I would recommend the discontinuance of said four reservations, after giving titles to all Indians on said reservations for the lands upon which they have made permanent homes and
improvements and substantially complied with the home- stead laws;  and that the residue of the lands of said reservation remaining after the granting of said title be appraised at their fair value and sold to the highest bidders, at not less than their appraised value, on ten years credit, one-tenth payable in hand and the balance payable in nine annual payments, with interest at the rate of 8%.  On deferred payments.  The money thus obtained to constitute a school fund for the support of the one or more industrial boarding-school.  All Indians not owning lands on or off the reservations to be moved to some reservation where their children may have the benefit of a school, and adult Indian the benefit of Christian instruction in morals and directions in their industries.

3rd  That titles of such a character as may be thought best to be to all Indians who have taken claims on reservations and made permanent homes and improvements thereon. This is a matter I have urged so often in annual and monthly reports, and in letters, and the department must be so well informed as to my views thereon as to render it superfluous to say more on this subject at present.  (See Report Commissioner Indian Affairs for 1877, pp. 190, 191, and 193; for 1876, pp. 137, and 138, and for 1872, pp. 329 and 330.)

4th  that the criminal laws of this Territory be extended over all reservations and Indians the same as over the whites.  Also the civil laws, except as to taxation.

5th  I again call attention to “the blunder in the Medicine Creek treaty” mentioned in my two last annual reports, and ask that in some way it be rectified.  (See Report Commissioner Indian Affairs for 1877, p. 194, and
for 1876, p.138.)
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, you obedient servant,
United States Indian Agent.


August 10, 1878.

SIR:  The industrial boarding-school has been maintained on this reservation since July 1, 1877, at which about 30 scholars were in attendance.  It is but justice to them to say that they learn well, and that they have made commendable progress in writing, reading, and arithmetic, and they have demonstrated the fact that Indian children have capacities very little inferior to white children.  The great drawback to their more rapid advancement, and indeed, to that of the whole Indian race, is their addictedness to use their native language.  The teacher has lately made such rules and inaugurated such measures as will tend to entirely exclude their language in social intercourse.  The school and the church have been the centers of civilization, progress, and light, radiating throughout, and extending to the most distant and darkest corners of the reservation.

The Indians have made an advance all along  the line this year.  They are materially more prosperous than they have ever been before in houses, cattle raised and brought, in lands cleared and cultivated, and their efforts during the past year give proof that they intent to derive their subsistence chiefly from the products of the soil.

Of their own accord they have done away with all manner of gambling, and they have condemned  and abolished the practice of making tamanamous or incantations and other heathen rites heretofore used in cases of sickness.
They now entirely depend upon the limited supply of medicines dispensed to them from the dispensary at the school.

At this time while the country is troubled and startled on account of the atrocities committed by hostile Indians east of the Cascade Range of mountains, our Indians are plying their lands and cutting their hay.

The Puyallup tribe decidedly on the increase, due to immigrations from affiliated tribes and to the increased number of births in excess of deaths during the past year. The Indians care very little now for their tribal relation, and are independent of each other, each family living by themselves upon their allotments of 40 acres, which they all cultivate to some extent.

A bona-fide title to their lands cultivated by them as their
homesteads, and they themselves citizenized, would at once transform them from being aliens and from the danger of being enemies into sure friends of our government.
I have the honor to be, sir, respectfully, your obedient servant,
General R.H. Milroy,
United States Indian Agent.

Downtown Yelm in 1910

Downtown Yelm in 1910

From:  Farm Industry Pervades Yelm

The Daily Ledger July 17, 1910

 Yelm, July 16 – Freight cars today hide a part of Yelm from the view of passengers of trains on the Northern Pacific tracks, which run through the place. These cars, forming several trains, were being loaded with telegraph poles, piles, hewed ties and posts. All except the ties were products of the Whitlach mill, Yelm’s main industrial plant, which cuts about 40,000 feet of lumber a day. The poles, piles, ties and posts covered the ground for a block extending from the railroad tracks. They were being shipped to various points in Washington and Oregon, especially in this state, where railroad building is just now causing larger exports from the sawmills.

The railroad ties are exports hewed from timber that is cut down just outside Yelm and are hauled to the railroad station in big wagons, which are coming and going constantly. The ties are being brought in so fast that there was today a great pile of them awaiting shipment. The piles and telegraph poles are also turned out by the mill workers faster than they can be handled by the railroad men, so that the first view of Yelm that the stranger gets is one that reminds him of a big lumber plant itself.

Located 24 miles south of Tacoma, Yelm is purely a village, never having been incorporated. It has about 200 people that it calls all its own, but the mill workers, farmers and others in the immediate surrounding country, who make this their trading and shipping point, would more than double that figure. Though it has never taken to expansion through boom methods, it has gone along contentedly, its business people being successful and its troubles being few. . . . .

On Main Wagon Road

Yelm’s main thoroughfare is the road from Tacoma to Olympia that is used by auto owners, and it is a dull day in the buzz-wagon line when the machines that whiz through the place do not number two score. This road is kept in good condition in this vicinity. Being under country control, Yelm is a “dry” town, and since the change by which its two saloons were closed came about, there has ceased talk of voting on the question of incorporating the settlement as a fourth class city. “now that there are no saloons there is no need to incorporate, for we get along all right and don’t need any special revenues,” said one of the settlers.




[Yelm News] April 6, 1904

[Yelm News]  April 6, 1904  Washington Standard

Mr. Warner F. Betchard of Tacoma, and Miss Anna M. McKenzie , were united in marriage at the home of the bride’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. McKenzie, at Yelm, last Sunday, at noon, Rev. Mr. Wells of Roy officiating.  The groom is a dairyman of Tacoma and the bride is a popular native daughter of this county.

News From Yelm March 2, 1903

News From Yelm

March 2, 1903  Washington Standard

Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Mosman spent last Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. L. N. Rice

Mrs. Paff and Mr. John Longmire drove to Olympia Monday

George Chambers of North Yakima, was greeting old friends in Yelm Wednesday.  He brought two carloads of cattle to Olympia the first of the week.

Eight commercial travelers were looking after business in Yelm Tuesday.

Isaac Taylor and T. S. Pringle departed for North Yakima Wednesday.  Mr. Taylor had been visiting his sister, V. Longmire, and other relatives near here.

Mr. & Mrs. Joe Cabana, Mr. Swanson and Miss Miles were visitors to Olympia during the week.

Mr. Day, of Tacoma, was in Yelm Thursday.

Mr. Axel Swanson invited a number of friends to spend the evening with himself and bridge last Thursday.  They report a pleasant time.

Eight passengers came in on the Northern Pacific Friday evening.

The Messrs. Whitney, of Tacoma, made a short visit to their father Saturday.

Dr. Beach of Roy, was over yesterday

J. A. McKenzie received a piano by freight Thursday.

[The Scene at Yelm]

[The Scene at Yelm]

One August afternoon, Van Trump and I drove out to Yelm Prairie, thirty miles east of Olympia, and on the Nisqually River.  We dashed rapidly over a smooth, hard, level road, traversing wide reaches of prairie, passing under open groves of oaks and firs, and plunging through masses of black, dense forest in ever-changing variety.  The moon had risen as we emerged upon Yelm Prairie; Takhoma, bathed in cold, white, spectral light from summit to base, appeared startingly near and distinct.  Our admiration was not so noisy as usual.

Hazard Stephens (Ascent of Mt. Rainier)

[A Theory on the Name Yelm] July 17, 1910

Tacoma Daily Ledger   July 17, 1910

How the name of the settlement came to be selected is a matter that will probably interest a large number of people who travel on the railroad to points beyond this place.  The brakeman’s yell of “Yelm” generally nettles the person who has not yet hear the name before, and repeated yells of the station’s title do not enlighten the puzzled listener who doesn’t succeed in clearing the mystery until he reads the name painted in big white letters on the little red depot.  It has happened here just like it has in many more of the towns of Washington at the time settling-the Indian titles were drawn upon to fittingly designate the community. . .

Yelm’s main thoroughfare is the road from Tacoma to Olympia that is used by auto owners, and it is a dull day in the buzz-wagon line when the machines that whizz through the place do not number two score.